Throughout history Frankfurt has been surrounded by a city wall since the time of the Carolingians and later the Staufians. A third fortification provided protection from the 14th century on. This system was continuously enlarged up to the 17th century before it became in the late 18th century obsolete due to modern defence technique. The year 1806 is for various reasons of importance to Frankfurt, on the one hand it marks the end of the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, on the other hand it marks the beginning of the demolition of the fortification. The medieval city was surrounded by a ring of gardens, above the former ditches  a promenade was arranged for and instead of the city wall new houses with adjacent gardens were built. Today the approximately 5 km ring of public gardens invites you to a walk in order to discover interesting views and monuments.
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